Updated: 15 September, 2014

 by FreeFind
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Getting Started
1. Introduction
2. Switching to GNU/Linux
3. Getting openSUSE
4. Installation
Day to Day Use
5. KDE Workspace
6. Apps for Common Tasks
7. Security and Root
8. Terminal
9. Admin. Settings (YaST)
10. Installing Software
11. Software Repositories
12. MS Windows Interop
Setup
13. Multimedia Codecs
14. Browser Plugins
15. Graphics Drivers
16. Wifi
Appendix
A: Help and Docs
B: Games
C. Under the Hood
D. Tips and Workarounds
E. History and Background
F: Getting Involved
GNU Free Documentation License

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4. Installation
This is just a brief description of openSUSE installation. For more thorough help see the official documentation.

4.1 Before Installation
Before starting there are a few things you should be aware of.

4.1.1 System Minimum Requirements
4.1.2a Burning the ISOs to a DVD
When you burn the downloaded ISO files to a DVD it's important to remember to burn them as ISOs/images with your CD/DVD writer software, or the media won't be bootable.

4.1.2b Creating a Live USB stick
The Live DVD/USB ISO can also be put on an USB stick to create an installable Live USB, see instructions for this here:
http://en.opensuse.org/SDB:Live_USB_stick

4.1.3 BIOS Setup
If your computer won't boot from the DVD or USB media, check that the computer BIOS is configured to boot from CD/DVD or USB.

4.1.4 Dual Boot (openSUSE and MS Windows on the same computer)
Having openSUSE and MS Windows installed on the same computer is usually fairly simple if MS Windows was installed first. During installation openSUSE will detect MS Windows and the bootloader will display a menu on each startup letting you choose whether to boot openSUSE or MS Windows.

openSUSE needs to be installed on a separate partition/disk. It's recommended to free up space beforehand using a partitioning tool that you're familiar with. But you can also let the openSUSE installer resize your MS Windows partitions - it's strongly recommended to defragment the MS Windows partition before doing so.

4.1.5 Turn on Peripherals
If you turn on your printer and other peripherals during installation, there's a good chance of them being autodetected and configured.

4.2 DVD Installation
When you're ready, insert the DVD and (re)start the computer. Live DVD/USB installation is described below.

Welcome
welcome The first thing you'll see is this welcome screen.

Start Installation
grub Then you're presented with a menu.

Here you can select your desired language and a few other options, afterwards begin installation.

Language and Licence
welcome The licence agreement is only to inform you of your rights. It doesn't require your acceptance, since it doesn't limit your use.

Check that language and keyboard layout are as desired.

Installation Mode
inst-mode Here you choose whether to perform a new installation or upgrade an existing openSUSE installation.

Clock and Time Zone
inst-time Set the timezone here.

If you have only GNU/Linux it's recommended to set the hardware clock to UTC, if you dual boot with MS Windows set it to local time.

Desktop Selection
inst-desktop Various different graphical user interfaces (desktop environments) exist for GNU/Linux. KDE is preselected and is preferred by about 70% of openSUSE users and is also the focus of this guide.

Under "Other" you can select LXDE, Xfce, minimal graphical environment (IceWM) and even a text based system which is useful for servers.

Partitioning
inst-disk By default openSUSE will propose to create three new partitions / (root) for system files, /home/ for personal files of users and swap which is used as a supplement for RAM, similar to the page file in MS Windows.

If you're performing a dual boot installation, be extra careful here.

Note that Linux labels disks/partitions using the following scheme - sda1 is first partition on the first disk, sdb3 is the third partition on the second disk, and so forth. Partitions that will be formatted are written in red text.

Create New User
inst-user Now it's time to create your user. Note that by default the root user (administrator) password will be the same as the password for the normal user.

If you want the added security of a separate root password, consider unchecking that checkbox. You may also want to consider disabling autologin to prevent people from easily accessing your system and data.

Installation Settings
inst-overview Double check that everything is as desired - this is the point of no return!

Actual Installation
inst-inst Now the actual installation is performed.

Automatic Configuration
inst-inst After installation is performed, the system will restart and perform autoconfiguration.

And finally your brand new openSUSE system will start. Congratulations, and have a lot of fun with openSUSE!


4.3 Live DVD/USB Installation
When you're ready to install, insert the DVD/USB and (re)boot the computer.

The Live DVD/USB provides two different installation modes, you can install directly from the boot menu, or you can boot the system and install from the desktop while the system is running, by clicking on the install icon on the desktop. There is only a visual difference between the two modes of installation. It's recommended to try booting the live system before installing to see if your hardware components are supported.

Language and License
live-welcome The licence agreement is only to inform you of your rights. It doesn't require your acceptance, since it doesn't limit your use.

Check that language and keyboard layout are as desired.

Clock and Time Zone
live-time Set the timezone here.

If you have only GNU/Linux it's recommended to set the hardware clock to UTC, if you dual boot with MS Windows set it to local time.

Partitioning
live-partition By default openSUSE will propose to create three new partitions / (root) for system files, /home/ for personal files of users and swap which is used as a supplement for RAM, similar to the page file in MS Windows.

If you're performing a dual boot installation, be extra careful here.

Note that Linux labels disks/partitions using the following scheme - sda1 is first partition on the first disk, sdb3 is the third partition on the second disk, and so forth. Partitions that will be formatted are written in red text.

Create New User
live-user Now it's time to create your user. Note that by default the root user (administrator) password will be the same as the password for the normal user.

If you want the added security of a separate root password, consider unchecking that checkbox. You may also want to consider disabling autologin to prevent people from easily accessing your system and data.

Installation Settings
live-settings Double check that everything is as desired - this is the point of no return!

Actual Installation
live-installation Now the actual installation is performed.

Automatic Configuration
live-done When all packages are installed, the system needs to reboot from the harddrive.

You can either remove the DVD/USB during the reboot process or leave it in and select Boot from harddisk at the boot menu.

After the reboot, the system will perform automatic configuration.

Afterwards your brand new openSUSE system will start. Congratulations, and have a lot of fun with openSUSE!

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